Green Park’s Annual Business Leaders Index reveals Britain’s top firms improving boardroom diversity – but “corporate sidelining” of women and ethnic minorities
Despite some progress on diversity, in the upper echelons of Britain’s top companies ethnic minorities and females are still being shunted into functions which are far less likely routes into the top tier of leadership than those travelled by their white, male counterparts.
Most analyses of corporate CEO backgrounds show a preference for executives with experience in finance, sales and operations. Executive recruitment and diversity consultancy Green Park’s annual FTSE 100 Business Leaders Index reveals that Britain’s female and ethnic minority business leaders remain largely consigned to functions such as HR, Diversity and Marketing & Communications. They hold less influence, have lower salaries and are less likely to be on track to C-Suite roles.
The survey also reveals that one of the least diverse functions is Diversity & Inclusion, which is disproportionately a white and female preserve – nearly two out of three of these senior roles are filled by white women.
The Business Leaders Index shows for the first time that there are no black leaders in C-suite roles at FTSE 100 companies, dropping to zero after stalling for the past 6 years. This would appear to confirm that ethnic minority leaders are diverted towards the pathways least likely to lead to the top.
At the ‘Top 40’ pipeline level, some functions are dominated by one particular gender or ethnicity. Green Park’s research reveals that 85.4% of Diversity & Inclusion leadership roles at FTSE100 companies are held by women. 62.5% of Diversity and Leadership leaders are white women, with ethnic minority females the second most represented group at 22.9%. Ethnic minority males are the least represented in this function at 6.3%. Human Resources is also predominantly a white female enclave at 55%, while white men dominate in Digital, Data and Technology (76%), Governance and Operations (73%) Commercial and procurement (71%) and Finance (69%) – all much more direct routes to the top.
Green Park’s track record of placing 53% female and 35% ethnic minority candidates into board level roles over the past year demonstrates that diverse leadership talent is out there and that businesses are receptive to hiring diverse senior executives across a range of functions. The company has expanded its activities across the private sector and in particular successfully placing candidates in functions such as IT, Finance and Digital Technology. The report calls for firms to adopt its own rule of requiring all major decisions to be taken by a group which is diverse in gender and ethnicity.
The Green Park Business Leaders Index 2021 reveals that while diversity as a whole has increased at the top levels of FTSE100 companies:
- Female board members are almost twice as likely to be Non-Executive Directors as Executive Directors, and still only fill 12.2% of the top 3 C-Suite roles (Chair, CEO and CFO).
- There has been an increase of just 23 women occupying C-Suite roles since Green Park’s first analysis in 2014. At this rate of change it will be 2059 before women hold 50% of the Top 3 roles.
- Female representation in Top 20 roles has continued to steadily increase since 2014, from 19.8% to 33.2%. At this pace of change, it will take eight years to achieve gender balance across both Boards and Executive Committees.
- However, since 2019 there has been a decline in gender diversity in the Top 40 pipeline level, with female representation falling from 28.9% to 28%.
- Eight of the 14 sectors have seen decreases in their gender diversity since 2019, with Consumer Goods (31%), Technology (27.2%) and Industrials (13.9%) now less female than they were in 2014.Women at Top 40 level are concentrated in functions including HR (62.4%), and Marketing & Communications (45.1%).
- At 13.1% ethnic minority, Non-Executive roles have surpassed proportionate ethnic minority representation with the UK working age population. However, 33 FTSE 100 organisations have no non-white Chair, CEO or Non-Executive Directors and are therefore falling short of Sir John Parker’s target of ‘one by 21’.
- Only 11 of 295 (3.7%) leaders in the Top 3 roles have ethnic minority backgrounds.
- At the current pace of change, with only one additional ethnic minority leader across FTSE 100 Chair, CEO & CFO roles in the eight years of Green Park’s analysis, it will take 216 years to achieve proportionate representation at this level.
- However, ethnic minority Board and Executive Committee leaders have increased from 5.2% in 2014 to 10.4% in 2021. At this rate of change, FTSE 100 Boards and Executive Committees are three to four years away from being proportionately ethnically diverse as the UK working age population (13%).
- Green Park previously reported that for the first time, the Business Leaders Index shows that there are no black leaders in C-suite roles at FTSE 100 companies has stalled and then dropped to zero. There has been no improvement on this in the six months since our last analysis.
- Ethnic minority representation at the Top 40 pipeline level has fallen since 2019 from 10.7% to 9.3%.
Trevor Phillips, Chair of Green Park, said: “The attention to diversity over the past five years is paying some dividends. We are seeing changes in the composition of the top tier of corporate Britain – though it’s patchy. Some of the improvement comes from the expansion in the numbers of certain roles – research, digital leaders, and the prevalence of some groups in specific functions such as finance. But the prospects of more diverse top leadership overall – especially amongst Chairs and CEOs – are blighted by the fact that in most FTSE companies, women and minorities are concentrated in the corporate sidelines rather than getting a crack at the fast lane to the top.”
Lord Karan Bilimoria Change the Race Ratio, Chair & Founder and CBI, President, comments: “We must transform words and promises into action and results. We as business leaders must do more to improve the diversity of our boards and leadership teams. What I hear from my conversations with Chairs and CEOs is a clear desire to make progress and an openness to embracing new thinking that’s needed to deliver change. I welcome the recommendations set out in this report and I encourage business leaders to adopt them.”
He adds: “We must all do better in listening to colleagues from underrepresented groups and challenge behaviours that create barriers for talent to progress.”
Raj Tulsiani, CEO of Green Park added: “In our experience, most organisations’ leaders understand reputational and brand risks and do want to change. However, while many hunger to reach their diversity destination, too many lack both a rudder and compass. Many of the organisations our Diversity, Inclusion, Culture & Ethics teams work with have been busily going around in circles and just need to be jolted back on track.”
“The challenges faced in achieving real and sustainable change differ from market to market and across each organisation, department, seniority level and diverse group. The most common mistake business leaders make is to assume a single, one-size-fits-all approach can make a difference across all areas. This is evident in our Business Leaders Index, where we see some functions, sectors and ethnocultural groups struggling more than others.”
Among the key recommendations of Green Park’s Business Leaders Index, the consultancy encourages organisations to adopt a new rule to highlight any key business decisions, such as major appointments or acquisitions, taken by a leadership team which is all male or all-white. The company’s own board has instructed that under the “Green Park Rule” any spending decision above 1% of turnover must be made by a diverse group; if this is not possible, the fact should always be reported to the board and noted in the company’s annual report. At Green Park, this rule typically covers any major investment decision, acquisitions or senior appointments.